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Great Britain and the Hawaiian Revolution and Republic, 1893-1898
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK'S contact with the Hawaiian Islands gave Great Britain a certain pre-eminence in Hawaiian history and attitudes which remained for some time, and was commemorated in the placing of the British Union Jack in Hawai'i's national flag, now the Hawai'i State flag. The British government's disavowal in 1843 of the takeover of Honolulu by a British naval officer and its formal restoration of Hawaiian independence ushered in a period of Hawaiian attachment to Great Britain which made it appear as if Hawai'i would eventually gravitate into Britain's orbit. Actually, however, Hawai'i's ultimate place in the scheme of things was already decided in favor of the United States. American economic and missionary activity in the Islands during the first half of the 19th century had already made Hawai'i's absorption by the United States a matter of time. That the Islands were not absorbed earlier was more the result of a disinclination of the United States to do so than anything else. The American declaration of 1854 guaranteeing Hawaiian independence made the Islands in effect an American protectorate and the United States henceforth the determiner of Hawai'i's destiny
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The Discovery and Settlement of Hawai‘i
Hawai‘i Loa, or Ke Kowa i Hawai‘i, was one of the four children of Aniani Ka Lani.1 The other three were Ki, who settled in Tahiti, Kana Loa, who settled the Marquesas, and Laa-Kapu. The ocean was called Kai Holo-o-ka-I‘a (Ocean where the fish run). Only two islands existed and both were discovered and settled by Hawai‘i Loa. The first he named Hawai‘i after himself; the second Maui, after his eldest son. (The other islands were created by volcanoes during and after the time of Hawai‘i Loa.
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Hawaiian culture is based on the family and the land, which are foci for a wide range of literature. Names are applied to islands, regions, and. particular places along with their salient features, such as winds, rains, and land formations. In sayings, chants, and songs, Hawaiians praise their own land and taunt others. Origin myths, legends, historical narratives, and stories transmit the accumulated knowledge about a place. Education emphasizes learning these detailed traditions about oneʻs own land as well as others. This treasury of knowledge is used in turn to create new works to formulate new perspectives and solve new problems.
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No Treaty of Annexation: McKinley High, McKinley LieThe statue holds a Treaty of Annexation - Why are we continuing to honor lies?
"One blood all nations of men, to dwell on the face of the earth in unity and blessedness"Hawaii for Everybody!✊(Kane, Wahine, & Mahu)There is no race or gender in the kingdom. Only the HUMAN RACE under one sun. Hawaii Nationals are of all colors. Brow
The Hawaiian Kingdom! A progressive sovereign state"I doN't WanT to gO BaCk To gRaSs huTs" ?Hawaii had it all before they came. Electricity before the white house, Newspapers, Businesses, Police force, Fire departments , the kings' guard now the Hawai
They built their nation to protect their pockets. We built our nation to protect our people. We aren't the same.
4. These sentiments are hereby proclaimed for the purpose of protecting alike, both the people and the chiefs of all these islands, that no chief may be able to oppress any subject, but that chiefs and people may enjoy the same2 protection under one and the same law.
5. Protection is hereby secured to the persons of all the people, together with their lands, their building lots and all their property and nothing whatever shall be taken from any individual, except by express provision of the laws. Whatever chief shall perseveringly act in violation of this Constitution, shall no longer remain a chief of the Sandwich Islands, and the same shall be true of the governors, officers and all land agents.